Contents of Vol.I, Issue I, June 2015

 LOGO Utopia

UTOPIA OF GLOBAL EDUCATION       

(PRINT ISSN-2393-946X) (ONLINE ISSN-2454-7387)

A Biannual Peer Reviewed Refereed International Journal of                                                   Multidisciplinary & Contemporary Research                                      Chief Editor: Dr. S.B. Sharma


 S. No.    Research Paper     

1.              Have Teacher Unions taken over the control of Education in South Africa?

                  Prof. Vincent Thulani Zengele                                                                       pp. 01 to 04

Abstract
The redeployment process and the filling of promotional posts in South African schools has been marked by controversy and tumult since the advent of our profound democracy after 1994. Despite the regulatory measures in the form of circulars that spell out the role of teacher unions during the rationalization process as that of observers and not active participants, unions remain a force to be reckoned with within the Department of Basic Education . This conceptual paper focuses on the future and integrity of the teaching profession with the South African education context. It is aimed at rousing debate in the mind of the reader as to whether teacher unions play a progressive role in the future of developing countries or not.
Key words: Redeployment, Rationalization, Teacher Unions.

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2.              Today’s Impact of E-learning in Higher Education

                  Dr. K. C. Vashishtha, Pravendra Singh Birla, Honey Jaiswal                pp. 05 to 15

Abstract
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have become one of the most important factors to the formation of society in the 21 century. Their impact is revolutionary. It affects theway of life of people, and their work and education. The new paradigm of modern education incorporates primarily the requirements for information of education as an important factor for its development. The E-learning initiative called the participants involved in education and training with an appeal to aware of the importance of new technologies in modern education and training systems and undertakes the continuous self improvement. Learning is changing as well, especially the technologies of learning. E-Education is the process of learning where computers are used at each possible step of the process: enrollment, instruction design, content delivery, evaluation, assessment and support. A number of other terms are also used to describe this mode of teaching and learning. They include online learning, virtual learning, distributed learning, networked and web-based learning. Fundamentally, they all refer to educational processes that utilize information and communication technology to mediate asynchronous as well as synchronous learning and teaching activities. On closer scrutiny, however, it will be clear that these labels refer to slightly different educational processes and as such they cannot be used synonymous with the term e-learning.

Key words: E-Learning, Higher Education

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3.              Domestic violence: Shattered World of Children

                  Dr. Aradhana                                                                                                              pp. 16 to 24

Abstract
Children are often in great danger in a place where they should be the safest: within their families. For many home is where they face a regime of terror and violence at the hands of somebody close to them- somebody they should be able to trust. A child’s vulnerability to violence in the community increases with age and maturity and increased contacts with the wider world. Those victimized suffer physically and psychologically. They are unable to voice their concerns and protect themselves. Children who suffer from domestic violence show health and behaviour problems including problems with weight, their eating and sleep.
They may have difficulty at school and found it hard to develop close and positive friendships.They may try to run away or even display suicidal tendencies. No violence against children is justifiable; all violence against children is preventable. There should be no more excuses or delays: the problem is out in the open, and the means to deal with it are known, affordable, and available.

Key words: Domestic Violence, Community, Physically, Psychologically.

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4.              Empowering Women through Education

                  Dr. Gagandeep Kaur                                                                                                   pp. 21 to 24

Abstract
Education is a potent tool in the emancipation and empowerment of women. It is indispensable that education enables women not only to gain more knowledge about the world outside of health and home but helps her to get status, positive self-confidence, necessary courage and inner strength to face challenges in life. With education comes enhanced self-worth, empowerment and
improved opportunities overall. Efficient Strategies within the classroom as well as outside the classroom by involving the community, parents should be adopted to change the society’s attitude towards girls or women as human being with self- respect and dignity. 

Key words: Empowerment, Self-confidence, courage, Attitude, Self-respect.

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5.              Role of Teacher and Educational Institutions in Securing National Integration

                  Dr. Harishankar Singh                                                                                             pp. 25 to 28

Abstract
India is facing a number of problem after the attainment of Independence. Out of these problems, National integration is a most serious one. To solve this problem Secondary Education Commission suggests – “Education System must make its contribution to the development of habits, attitudes and qualities of character, which will unable its citizens to bear working the responsibility of democratic citizenship and to counteract all those fissiparous tendencies which hinder the emergence of aboard national and secular outlook. ” Role of teacher and educational institutions in securing national integration is very important.

Key words: Independence, National Integration, Education System, Citizenship, Secular,
Educational Institutions.

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6.              Value Education at School level

                  Dr. Ripenjeet Kaur                                                                                                     pp. 29 to 33

Abstract
Inculcation of values is the need of the hour especially in view of the deteriorating status of the teaching profession. Teachers and students must identify and understand the real values for which they should strive hard in life. Without any values in life we are in the clutches of darkness. The true education must humanize a student. Values and curriculum should be integrated for the inculcation and development of values.Values cannot be taught through words and books. Values are inculcated in the students through the daily life of teachers, parents, neighbours, friends and society. so, we must be conscious at every moment of life.
Key words : – Values,Value-crisis, School level value education   

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7.              Effect of Cooperative Games on Aggressive Behaviour of Children

                  Neha Saxena & Prof. Ravi Sidhu                                                                               pp. 34 to 39

Abstract
The present study investigated the effect of cooperative games on children’s aggressive behaviour during and after play sessions. The sample consisted of 39 children (4 to 6 years old) from fourclasses in two nursery schools. To study the above said parameter, cooperative games were designed. Aggressive behaviours of selected children were measured before, during and after play sessions. During baseline, it was found that in nursery schools children mostly participated in competitive games resulting in an increase in aggressive behaviours. However, when cooperative games were played, subsequently physical as well as verbal aggressive behaviours decreased during and after play periods. The movement towards cooperative games can be beneficial for
mental health as it would promote better team spirit, sportsmanship, empathy, cooperative spirit and reduce frustration and aggression (physical and verbal) both inside and outside classroom.
Key Words: Cooperative games, Aggressive behaviour

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8.              Movies: A Source of Diversification of Values in today’s Youth

                  Dr. Richa Verma                                                                                                             pp. 40 to 46

Abstract
Research was done to assess the orientation in values through movies among adolescents of 16-18 years. A self made Rating scale was used to study movie preferences and a standardized Questionnaire ‘Measurement of Value Orientation Affected by Movies’ by Ojha and Ojha was used to assess the orientation of values among adolescents. Both these tools were administered on
100 adolescents (50 males and 50 female). Results of this study show that comedy movies were most preferred sexually aggressive movies were least preferred. Adolescents’ values were highlyorienting by movie viewing as none of the adolescent were found in negligible and very low value orientation range, majority 58.7% adolescents were in very high value orientation category and 27% adolescents in high value orientation range. Only 11.5% and 2.8% adolescents were in average and low value orientation range respectively. Among all the values Theoretical Values were most and Economic values were least oriented values. Male and female adolescents both were highly oriented by movies but none values have significant differences between males and females.

Key words: Adolescents, Theoretical Values, Economic Values.

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9.              A Study of Attitude of High School Pupils towards General Science

                  Neetu Thakur                                                                                                                  pp. 47 to 52

Abstract
Science has helped the man to acquire supremacy over nature. It has greatly affected the way the people view themselves and the world around them. The wonderful achievements of science glorified the modern world and illuminated the human creative potential. Science is the knowledge acquired by study, acquaintance with or mastery of any department of learning. Science in literal sense, means ‘the pursuit of knowledge’. The science comes from the latin word ‘scientia’ which means ‘knowledge’. Science is usually defined as systematized knowledge. It is not a casual heap of disconnected scraps,but the bonds of union and the principles of arrangement of knowledge and it is mainly practical and social. Science is considered as a cumulative and endless series of empirical observations which result in the formulation of concepts and the formulation of concepts and theories, with both concepts and theories are being subject to modification in the light of further empirical observations. Science is both a body of knowledge and the process of acquiring and refining knowledge. Hence science has two aspects – science as a product and science as a process. The whole accumulated facts, concepts, principles, hypothesis, theories etc. come under the process of science. Scientific mindedness includes the scientific methods, scientific attitude, interest and appreciation. Development of scientific attitude, scientific aptitude and scientific methods are some of the aims and objectives of teaching and learning science. They are also the main determinants of the pupil’s achievement.

Key words: Science, Knowledge, Concepts and Theories, Scientific Aptitude, Interest, Appreciation.

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10.              Restructuring and Reforming of Higher Education : Futuristic Agenda

                  Manjit Kaur & Surinder Kaur                                                                                      pp. 53 to 59

Abstract
Higher Education determines not only the economic condition of a country but also its intellectual and social conscience and shows the present and future path of development of country. Quality life of the people of any country largely rest on the quality of education and research. The mission of higher education is to achieve access, quality and create a knowledge society. It is needless to repeat that higher education in India is passing through a major transition because India is third largest in providing higher education in the world after United States of America and China. But there are still many problems such as largest scale illiteracy on one hand and educated unemployed youth on the other. However the 21st century has posed a big challenge for higher education due to new implications like Information and Communication Technology (ICT) & Liberalization, privatization and Globalization (LPG). Also on the social front, India remains highly divided. Access to higher education is uneven with multidimensional inequalities in enrollment across population and geographies. Change in higher education in terms of quality, access and equity is happening much faster only in the few states than other. Besides this India is facing a number of challenges and issues in higher education like knowledge economy, complexities of Indian Federalism in terms of center-state relations, status of policy implementation,funding, privatization, educational malpractices, lack of faculty, problem of quality, and internationalization of higher education. It will be difficult to establish an ideal Indian society unless we do not resolve the contemporary issues in higher education. The main aim of this paper is to discuss various issues regarding higher education and to present an overview of restructuring & reforming of higher education.

Key words: Higher Education, Information and Communication Technology & Liberalization,Privatization, Globalization.

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11.              A Recent trend in Commerce and Management in India : Management by Objectives – MBO

                  Shikha Khandelwal & Shweta Gupta                                                                        pp. 60 to 66

Abstract
Management has become an important “economic organ ”of the present industrial society .Proper management is a pre-requisite for a successful organization. A profit making organization canget into a loss making concern in the absence of proper management. MBO literally means “Management By Objectives”. It is a technique that is often used to formulate and implement
operational goals .Traditionally, organizational goals are formulated by compliance .In contrast the MBO approach involves employees in the process of formulating and implementing these operational goals directly related to their jobs .This paper includes objectives and approaches to the concept of MBO . It also highlights the suggestions to improve the organization both quantitatively and qualitatively .This research paper’s data has been collected from the sources: annual reports,articles, magazines, related books and websites .The present paper is worked out theoretically. It aims to study the MBO, its process and workings and its implications in Indian Companies.

Key Words : Management by Objectives, Management, Companies, Managers, Objectives, Organizations.

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12.              Trends of Foreign Capital and Foreign Investment in India

                  Kamna Dhawan & Shikha Jain                                                                               pp. 67 to 75

Abstract
In an era of liberalization, privatization and globalization there has been a continuous flow of man, money, and material through out the globe. The flow of long term capital has become the most determining factor for the economic changes in the recent times. Almost every developed country of the world in its initial stages of development had made use of foreign capital to
make up the deficiency of domestic saving. Foreign capital has played an important role in the economic development of India. Foreign capital had started flowing in India from a long time back i.e. East India Company. But that time the policy relatives to foreign capital were favorable to foreign capitalist and against India. After independence, foreign capital and investment was used as a tool for promoting economic development and to make balance of payment favorable.

Key words: Globalization, Foreign Capital, Domestic, Investment.

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13.              An Empirical Study of Dimensions of Customer Positive Behaviour

                  Nidhi Aggarwal                                                                                                              pp. 76 to 82

Abstract
Retail sector is one of the fastest growing sector in Indian economy. It is the largest source of employment after agriculture and has deep penetration into rural India and generating more than 10 percent of India’s GDP. Retail industry is heavily people-based, requiring interaction and coordination of customers and service providers. Due to those unique characteristics of services, customer’s role in organization has become indispensable. Confirmatory factor analysis is applied to confirm the dimensions of customer voluntary performance. The findings of the article provide insight into multiple helping behavior of customers which are though discretionary in nature, but help in the overall functioning of the organization.

Key words : Retail, Customer, Extra-role behaviour

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14.              Problems Faced by Siblings of Mentally Retarded Children

                  Sharda Pundir & Dr. Shweta Dubey                                                                       pp. 83 to 88

Abstract
The study was conducted on siblings of twenty five mentally retarded children. The survey method was adopted for data collection. Objective for the study problems face by siblings of mentally retarded children. Self structured questionnaires were distributed to siblings of mentally retarded children. Data were categorized on the basis of frequency and percentage. The result revealed that Siblings also reported problems in relation to communication and studies.

Key Words: Problems, Siblings, Mentally Retarded Children

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15.              Certainty and Comparison of Cerebral Cortex Changes..

                  Prof. Dr. C.P Abdolrasoul Aleezaadeh                                                                 pp. 89 to 92

Abstract

At the many years, researchers attempt to find quality and effectiveness of Cerebral Cortical Thickness Diameter and its Changes in Schizophrenia. Based on their researches, Cerebral Cortical Thickness Diameter; or on the other hand, Structural Cerebral Cortex Diameter Thickness Features ((Frontal Lobes/Areas at the Left and Right Hemispheres; 865 Superior Vertex, 429 and 457 Pre-central Vertexes, & 10 and 286 Middle Caudal Vertexes; and Parietal Lobe/Area at the Left Hemisphere; 164 Inferior Vertex, and 7 Superior Vertex)), affects Brain General and Cognitive Performances, by its Structural Changes and Cerebral Ventricles Sizes; so, its pre-frontal Lobe performance such as: Attention, Behavior Control, and Cognition Flexibility; are similar to Drug Abuse, Crack or Crystal intake. These matters must be concomitant by neurological attributable certificates. Also, we can study on Brain Deep Structures, such as: Basal Ganglia and Limbic System Thickness Diameter and/or congenital or acquired damages effects on Schizophrenia “Paranoia/Paranoid Type”; for sure. This study had done at the first time by using of Corticometery for those mentioned Brain Structures. The Pre-frontal, Frontal, Parietal, Pre-central and Middle Caudal Lobes/Areas in both cerebral hemispheres have an important role in Emotional Inhibition and Tendencies; so, those structure’s damages cause a big important in treatment failure. Therefore, pay attention to mentioned Treatment Planes, by notice to these cerebrum areas damages, can be presents main suggestion for treatment out-puts growth in this study.

Key Words: Cerebrum Gray Cortex Diameter, Schizophrenia (Paranoia or Paranoid Type), Magnetic Resonance Imaging/M.R.I, Neuropsychological Evaluation/Assessment

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